Here is some information about Louise Braille. He is an inventor of braille. We also give some brief about Braille System. So I hope this article will be helping you to know about braille.
Brief About Braille and his system
Louis Braille was a French Literate and Founder of a system of reading and writing for use by the blind or visually injured. His system persists implicitly maintained to this day and is known worldwide simply as braille.
He was Deluded at the age of three. In one eye as a result of an accident with a stitching awl in his father’s harness-making shop. An infection set in and spread to both eyes, appearing in total blindness. At that time there were not many sources in place for the blind. But although, he excelled in his education and obtained a scholarship to France’s Royal Institute for Blind Youth. While still a student there, he began developing a system of tactile code. That allows blind people to read and write quickly and efficiently. Inspired by the military cryptography of Charles Barbier. Braille constructed a new method built specifically for the needs of the blind. He presented his work to this peer for the first time in 1824.
In adulthood, Louis Braille serves as a professor at the Institute and had an avocation as a musician. He largely spent the remainder of his life refining and extending his system. It went unused by most educators for many years after his death. But posterity has recognized braille as a revolutionary invention, and it has been adapted for use in languages worldwide.
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Early Life Of Louise Braille
Louise Braille was born in Coupvray, a small town about twenty miles east of Paris, on 4 January 1809. He and his three elder siblings Monique Catherine (b. 1793), Louis-Simon (b. 1795), and Marie Celine (b. 1797) – Lived with their Parents. Simon Rene and Monique, on three hectares of land and vineyards in the countryside. Simon Rene maintained a successful enterprise as leather and maker of horse tack.
At the Age of Three, he Was blinded with one eye in n accident. A local physician bound and patched the affected eye. And even arranged for Braille to be met the next day in Paris by a surgeon. But no treatment could save the damaged organ. In agony, the young boy suffered for weeks as the wound became severely infected. He eventually lost sight in the other eye. Likely due to sympathetic ophthalmia
Louis Braille survived the torment of the infection but by the age of life, he was completely blind in both eyes. Due to his young age, Braille did not realize at first that he had lost his sight. And often asked why it was always dark. His parents made many efforts quite uncommon for the era. To raise their youngest child in a normal fashion, and he prospered in their care. He learned to navigate the village and country paths with canes his father hewed for him. And he grew up seemingly at peace with his disability. Braille’s bright and creative mind impresses the local teachers and priests. And he was accommodated with higher education.
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Honors And Tributes
The immense personal legacy of Louis Braille was described in a 1952 essay by T.S. Eliot:
“Perhaps the most enduring honor to the memory of Louis Braille is the half-conscious honor we pay him by applying his name to the script he invented. In his country[England], adapting the pronunciation of his name to our own language. We honor Braille when we speak of braille. His memory has this way security greater than that of the memories of many men more famous in their day.”
Braille’s childhood name in Coupvray is a listed historic building and houses the Louise Braille Museum. A large monument to him was erected in the town square which was itself renamed Braille Square. On the centenary of his death, his remains were moved to the Pantheon in Paris. In a symbolic gesture.
Moreover, the statues and other memories of Louis Braille can be found around the world.
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What Is Braille?
Braille is a system of touch reading and writing for blind persons. In which raised dots represent the letters of the alphabet. It also contains equivalents for punctuation marks and provides symbols to show letter groupings.
Braille is read by moving the hand or hands from left to right along each line. The reading process usually involves both hands, and the index fingers generally do the reading. The average reading speed is about 125 words per minute. But, greater speeds of up to 200 words per minute are possible.
By using the Braille Alphabet, people who are blind can review and study the written word. They can also become aware of different written conventions such as spelling, punctuation, paragraphing, and footnotes.
Most importantly, braille gives blind individuals access to a wide range of reading. Including recreational and educational reading, financial statements, and restaurant menus. Equally important are contracts, regulations, insurance policies, directories, and cookbooks. Those are all part of daily adult life. Through braille, people who are blind can also pursue hobbies and cultural enrichment with materials such as music scores, hymnals, playing cards, and board games.
Various other methods had been attempted over the years to enable reading for the blind. However, many of them were raised versions of print letters. It is generally accepted that the braille system has succeeded because it is based on a rational sequence of signs devised for the fingertips. Rather than imitating signs devised for the eyes.
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Legacy of Braille Benefits Millions
Louise Braille’s Legacy has enlightened the lives of millions of people who are blind. As a result, blind individuals from all over the world benefit from Braille’s Work daily. Today, we transcribe braille code in many different languages worldwide. Louise would be very proud to know his creation has given literacy to countless people over the decades. Consequently, people who are blind can enjoy all the printed word has to offer just like everyone else. The effect is tremendously empowering and helps them achieve success in school and their careers.
Charles Barbier’s – Night Writing”
The history of braille goes all the way back to the early 1800s. A man named Charles Barbier who served in Napoleon Bonaparte’s French army developed a unique system known as “Night Writing”. So soldiers could communicate safely during the night. As a military veteran, Barbier saw several soldiers killed because they used lamps after dark to read combat messages. As a result of the light shining from the lamps, enemy combatants knew where the French soldiers were and inevitably led to the loss of many men.
Braille System’s Origins
In 1821, Braille learned of a communication system devised by Captain Charles Barbier of the French Army. Some sources depict Braille learning about it from a newspaper account read to him by a friend. While others, aware of its potential, made a special visit to the school. In either case, Barbier willingly shared his invention called “night writing” which was a code of dots and dashes impressed into thick paper. These impressions could be interpreted entirely by the fingers. Letting soldiers share information on the battlefield without having light or needing to speak. The captain’s code turned out to too complex to use in its original military form. But it inspired Braille to develop a system of his own.
Braille worked tirelessly on his ideas, and his system was largely completed by 1824. When he was fifteen years old. From Barbier’s night writing. He innovated by simplifying its form and maximizing its efficiency. He made uniform columns for each letter. And he reduced the twelve raised dots to six. He published his system in 1829, and by the second edition in 1837. He had discarded the dashes because they were too difficult to read. Crucially, Braille’s smaller cells were capable of being recognized as letters with a single touch of a finger.
Braille created his own raised-dot system by using an awl, the same kind of implement which had blinded him. In the process of designing his system, he also designed an ergonomic interface for using it. Based on Barbier’s own slate and stylus tools. By soldering two metal strips across the slate. He created a secure area for the stylus which would keep the lines straight and readable.
By these modest means, Braille constructed a robust communication system. “It bears the stamp of genius,” wrote Dr. Richard Slating French, former director of the California School for the Blind. ‘Like the Roman alphabet itself’
Braille produced several written works about braille and as general education for the blind. Method of writing words, music, and plain songs…(1829) was revised and republished in 1837. His mathematics guide, little synopsis of Arithmetic for Beginners, entered use in 1838. And his monograph New method for Representing by Dots the form of Letters, Maps, Geometric Figures, Musical Symbole, etc. For use by the blind was first published in 1839. Many of Braille’s original printed works remain available at the Braille birthplace museum in Coupvray.
The system was soon extended to include Braille Musical Notation. Passionate about his own music. Braille took meticulous care in its planning to ensure that the musical code would be “flexible enough to meet the unique requirements of any instrument.” In 1829. He published the first book about his system, method of Writing Words, Music, and plain songs by Means of Dots, for Use by the Blind and Arranged for them. Ironically this book was first printed by the raised letter method of the Hauy system.
I hope you liked this information about Louis Braille and his Braille System. Also, you can know more about Louis Braille and Braille System. You will find a brief on Wikipedia too. If you want to explore more amazing content like Louis Braille then visit Captionsbook regularly.